Posted by: pinkturtle2 | Disember 17, 2009

Letusan gunung berapi Mayon dijangka berterusan

A farmer uses a water buffalo to plough his rice field as lava cascades down the slopes of Mayon volcano in Legazpi city, 500 km (311 miles) south of Manila, December 16, 2009. Philippine authorities started evacuating about 50,000 people from around the country's most active volcano on Tuesday as it spewed burning mud and rocks. Mayon volcano, famed for its near-perfect cone shape in a coconut-growing region of the central Philippines, started to release lava early this week and vulcanologists are expecting a major eruption in the next few days. REUTERS/Erik de Castro (PHILIPPINES - Tags: ENVIRONMENT DISASTER ANIMALS AGRICULTURE)

Women plant rice seedlings in a field as lava cascades down the slopes of the Mayon volcano in Legazpi city, 500 km (310 miles) south of Manila December 16, 2009. Philippine authorities started evacuating about 50,000 people from around the country's most active volcano on Tuesday as it spewed burning mud and rocks. Mayon volcano, famed for its near-perfect cone shape in a coconut-growing region of the central Philippines, started to release lava early this week and vulcanologists are expecting a major eruption in the next few days.

Smoke rises from the lava flowing out of the crater of Mayon volcano in Legazpi city, 500 km (311 miles) south of Manila, December 16, 2009. Philippine authorities started evacuating about 50,000 people from around the country's most active volcano on Tuesday as it spewed burning mud and rocks. Mayon volcano, famed for its near-perfect cone shape in a coconut-growing region of the central Philippines, started to release lava early this week and vulcanologists are expecting a major eruption in the next few days.

Lava flows out of the crater of Mayon volcano in Legazpi city, 500 km (311 miles) south of Manila, December 16, 2009. Philippine authorities started evacuating about 50,000 people from around the country's most active volcano on Tuesday as it spewed burning mud and rocks. Mayon volcano, famed for its near-perfect cone shape in a coconut-growing region of the central Philippines, started to release lava early this week and vulcanologists are expecting a major eruption in the next few days.

Residents watch Mayon volcano at Lingon Hill as it spews ash in Legazpi city, 500 km (310 miles) south of Manila December 15, 2009. Philippine authorities started evacuating about 50,000 people from around the country's most active volcano on Tuesday as it spewed burning mud and rocks. Mayon volcano, famed for its near-perfect cone shape in a coconut-growing region of the central Philippines, started to release lava early this week and vulcanologists are expecting a major eruption in the next few days.

Photo taken on August 7, 2006 shows the erupting Mayon volcano as seen from the city of Legazpi. Philippines authorities warned July 10, 2009 that Mayon, one of the country's most active volcanoes, is showing signs of life and could erupt again soon. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said it is raising the 2,460-metre (8,070-foot) mountain's alert status to "moderate unrest" from that of "low-level unrest."

Lava cascades down the slopes of Mayon volcano in Legazpi city, Albay province, at dawn Tuesday Dec. 15, 2009 about 500 kilometers (310 miles) south of Manila, Philippines. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, PHIVOLCS, has raised the five-alert level to three following increased activity of the country's most active volcano and residents are prohibited from venturing into the 6-kilometer (4 miles) permanent danger zone. In December 2006 ash deposits from a previous eruption rolled down its slopes at the onslaught of a typhoon killing more than a thousand residents living around the cone-shaped volcano.

Lava glows while cascading on the slopes of Mayon volcano as seen from Lingnon Hill in Legazpi city, 500 km (310 miles) south of Manila December 15, 2009. Philippine authorities started evacuating about 50,000 people from around the country's most active volcano on Tuesday as it spewed burning mud and rocks. Mayon volcano, famed for its near-perfect cone shape in a coconut-growing region of the central Philippines, started to release lava early this week and vulcanologists are expecting a major eruption in the next few days.

Letusan gunung berapi Mayon dijangka berterusan

LEGAZPI, Filipina 16 Dis. – Aliran lahar terus menyusuri kaki gunung berapi Mayon hari ini ketika pakar kerajaan memberi amaran ia mungkin terus meletus selama berbulan-bulan, sekali gus memaksa ribuan penduduk di perkampungan sekitarnya terpaksa menyambut Krismas di pusat pemindahan.

Lima letusan kecil dikesan di puncak Mayon pagi tadi, kali terakhir dengan pancutan debu setinggi 500 meter ke udara, kata pakar gunung berapi, July Sabit.

“Aliran lahar dan ketulan panas masih berlaku. Ia adalah sebahagian daripada aktiviti letusan gunung berapi. Kemungkinan besar ia akan meletus selama beberapa bulan,” ujarnya lagi.

Katanya, letusan kali terakhir Mayon pada 2006 mengeluarkan lahar dan debu selama dua bulan namun tidak menyebabkan kemalangan jiwa.

Bagaimanapun debu gunung berapi yang terkumpul menyebabkan tanah runtuh yang membunuh lebih 1,000 orang pada 2006 akibat hujan yang dibawa oleh Taufan Durian di kawasan sama.

Kerajaan telah memindahkan kira-kira 6,000 keluarga di perkampungan petani di kaki Mayon dan berharap dapat membawa keluar seramai 4,000 keluarga lagi dalam masa dua hari.

Institut Gunung Berapi dan Seismologi Filipina meningkatkan paras amaran Mayon ke Tahap Tiga kelmarin, selepas lahar dilihat melimpahi kawahnya dan pemindahan dimulakan serta-merta.

Tahap Tiga daripada lima bermakna letusan berbahaya akan berlaku dalam masa terdekat.

Mayon yang berada di kawasan pertanian 330 kilometer dari tenggara Manila, telah meletus sebanyak 48 kali sejak rekod mula dicatatkan dan telah meragut beribu-ribu nyawa.

Pada 1814, lebih 1,200 orang terbunuh apabila lahar menenggelamkan bandar Cagsawa. – AFP

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