Posted by: pinkturtle2 | Disember 25, 2011

Mohamed Bouazizi & Revolusi Tunisia

People walk past a big banner of Mohamed Bouazizi, the vegetable seller who set himself on fire last December in an act of protest that triggered the revolution, in Sidi Bouzid December 17, 2011. Tens of thousands of people packed a provincial town square to celebrate the first anniversary on Saturday of Tunisia's democratic revolution in the place where it began, unleashing a tide of popular revolt that has transformed the Arab world. The festive mood in Sidi Bouzid was tempered somewhat, however, by reminders that democratic change in Tunisia has yet to ease poverty and high unemployment - bread and butter issues that preoccupy many Tunisians and have triggered rioting.

People walk past a big banner of Mohamed Bouazizi, the vegetable seller who set himself on fire last December in an act of protest that triggered the revolution, in Sidi Bouzid December 17, 2011. Tens of thousands of people packed a provincial town square to celebrate the first anniversary on Saturday of Tunisia’s democratic revolution in the place where it began, unleashing a tide of popular revolt that has transformed the Arab world. The festive mood in Sidi Bouzid was tempered somewhat, however, by reminders that democratic change in Tunisia has yet to ease poverty and high unemployment – bread and butter issues that preoccupy many Tunisians and have triggered rioting.

People walk past a statue depicting Tunisian vegetable seller Mohamed Bouazizi's cart, who set himself on fire last December in an act of protest that triggered the Arab Spring revolution, during a speech at a ceremony marking the first anniversary of the Tunisian Revolution in Sidi Bouzid December 17, 2011. Tens of thousands of people packed a provincial town square to celebrate the first anniversary on Saturday of Tunisia's democratic revolution in the place where it began, unleashing a tide of popular revolt that has transformed the Arab world.

People walk past a statue depicting Tunisian vegetable seller Mohamed Bouazizi’s cart, who set himself on fire last December in an act of protest that triggered the Arab Spring revolution, during a speech at a ceremony marking the first anniversary of theTunisian Revolution in Sidi Bouzid December 17, 2011. Tens of thousands of people packed a provincial town square to celebrate the first anniversary on Saturday of Tunisia’s democratic revolution in the place where it began, unleashing a tide of popular revolt that has transformed the Arab world.

Two fruit and vegetable vendors push their cart on December 17, 2011 at Sidi Bouzid's Mohamed Bouazizi square, named after the fruitseller whose self-immolation sparked the revolution that ousted a dictator and ignited the Arab Spring. Thousands of Tunisians rallied today in celebration of the first anniversary of the popular uprising that toppled their long-standing dictator and unleashed the Arab Spring revolutions.

Two fruit and vegetable vendors push their cart on December 17, 2011 at Sidi Bouzid’s Mohamed Bouazizi square, named after the fruitseller whose self-immolation sparked the revolution that ousted a dictator and ignited the Arab Spring. Thousands of Tunisians rallied today in celebration of the first anniversary of the popular uprising that toppled their long-standing dictator and unleashed the Arab Spring revolutions.

Poeple gather on December 17, 2011  in Sidi Bouzid's Mohamed Bouazizi square, named after the fruitseller whose self-immolation sparked the revolution that ousted a dictator and ignited the Arab Spring. Thousands of Tunisians rallied in celebration of the first anniversary of the popular uprising that toppled their long-standing dictator and unleashed the Arab Spring revolutions.

Poeple gather on December 17, 2011 in Sidi Bouzid’s Mohamed Bouazizi square, named after the fruitseller whose self-immolation sparked the revolution that ousted a dictator and ignited the Arab Spring. Thousands of Tunisians rallied in celebration of the first anniversary of the popular uprising that toppled their long-standing dictator and unleashed the Arab Spring revolutions.

The mother of Mohamed Bouazizi, the fruitseller whose self-immolation sparked the revolution that ousted a dictator in Yunisia and ignited the Arab Spring, Manoubia Bouazizi (C) poses with a poster of her late son on November 15, 2011 in Tunis after receiving an invitation of the European Parliament, which awarded in October its prestigious Sakharov Prize to reward ' the freedom of the spirit' of the late Mohamed Bouazizi. The Sakharov Prize will be presented on December 14 in Strasbourg.

The mother of Mohamed Bouazizi, the fruitseller whose self-immolation sparked the revolution that ousted a dictator in Yunisia and ignited the Arab Spring, Manoubia Bouazizi (C) poses with a poster of her late son on November 15, 2011 in Tunis after receiving an invitation of the European Parliament, which awarded in October its prestigious Sakharov Prize to reward ‘ the freedom of the spirit’ of the late Mohamed Bouazizi. The Sakharov Prize will be presented on December 14 in Strasbourg.

The mother of Mohamed Bouazizi, the fruitseller whose self-immolation sparked the revolution that ousted a dictator in Yunisia and ignited the Arab Spring, Manoubia Bouazizi (C) poses with her daughters  Leila (R) and Basma (L) with posters if her late son on November 15, 2011 in Tunis after receiving an invitation of the European Parliament, which awarded in October its prestigious Sakharov Prize to reward ' the freedom of the spirit' of the late Mohamed Bouazizi. The Sakharov Prize will be presented on December 14 in Strasbourg.

Ennahda party's leader Rached Ghannouchi (L) and Mannoubia Bouazizi, mother of Mohamed Bouazizi, the vegetable seller who set himself on fire last December in an act of protest that triggered the revolution, arrive at the opening session of Tunisia's constitutional assembly in Tunis November 22, 2011. The assembly, which will sit for a year to draft a new constitution, is dominated by Ennahda, the moderate Islamist party whose election win last month resonated in other countries in the region where Islamists are gaining ground after the popular protests which swept three Arab heads of state from power.

Ennahda party’s leader Rached Ghannouchi (L) and Mannoubia Bouazizi, mother of Mohamed Bouazizi, the vegetable seller who set himself on fire last December in an act of protest that triggered the revolution, arrive at the opening session of Tunisia’s constitutional assembly in Tunis November 22, 2011. The assembly, which will sit for a year to draft a new constitution, is dominated by Ennahda, the moderate Islamist party whose election win last month resonated in other countries in the region where Islamists are gaining ground after the popular protests which swept three Arab heads of state from power.

Revolusi Tunisia

Bahang iklim politik di Tunisia baru² ini kian membakar. Kes penggulingan kerajaan di Tunisia telahpun menjadi peristiwa pembuka tirai tahun baru 2011 apabila Kerajaan Tunisia digulingkan menerusi gelombang kebangkitan rakyat. Sememangnya peristiwa ini merupakan salah satu peristiwa revolusi yang berlaku kini. Seperti mana peristiwa penggulingan Ferdinand Marcos di FilipinaJuan Peron di Argentina, Jeneral Chun Doo Hwan di Korea Selatan & juga Shah Reza Pahlevi di Iran, Zeine El Abidin Ben Ali juga turut digulingkan melalui gelombang kebangkitan rakyat.

Kisah pengulingan di Tunisia ini bermula seorang pemuda berusia 26 tahun yang berdagang sayur & buah²an membakar dirinya apabila pihak polis bertindak ganas merampas barang dagangannya pada 17 Disember 2010. Peristiwa itu telah menjadi pemangkin kepada kebangkitan rakyat di Tunisia untuk keluar daripada cengkaman pemerintahan yang zalim & mengamalkan korupsi. Nama Mohamed Bouazizi memang tidak dapat dilupakan oleh keluarga Ben Ali kerana telah menjatuhkan kerajaan yang diperintah oleh Ben Ali selama 23 tahun ini.

Gerakan yang bermula akibat daripada insiden pembakaran Mohamed Bouazizi ini telah menggerakkan satu gerakan demonstrasi besar²an. Demonstrasi ini bermula daripadadaerah Sidi bouzid yang terletak kira² 265 Kilometer daripada ibukota Tunis. Golongan reformis pada mulanya mengkritik keadaan ekonomi dibawah pemerintahan Ben Ali agak teruk & kadar pengangguran yang tinggi di Negara tersebut. Gerakan anti-kerajaan telahpun merebak ke beberapa daerah seperti merebaknya jangkitan virus pada komputer.

Pemerintahan yang zalim di bawah Zeine El Abidin Ben Ali dilakukan sejak mulanya rampasan kuasa terhadap Habib Bourquiba. Kudeta tidak berdarah itu menyaksikan Zeine El Abidin Ben Ali menjatuhkan Habib Bourquiba dengan alasan Habib Bourquiba mempunyai masalah kesihatan & perlembagaan yang mengantinya sebagai presiden Tunisia yang kedua.

Pencabulan hak asasi oleh pemerintah merancakkan lagi peristiwa tunjuk perasaan ini. Kebebasan bersuara rakyat disekatapabila beberapa orang blogger ditahan akibat daripada menyebarkan risalah anti-pemerintah di internet. Laporan menyatakan bahawa lebih kurang enam orang blogger telah ditahan & kemudiannya dibebaskan. Ada yang menyatakan bahawa rusuhan ini dirancakkan lagi oleh laman sosial seperti facebook & twitter. Gambar polis yang melakukan penyalahgunaan kuasa disebar luas di laman facebook.

Pemerintahan yang mengamalkan korupsi ini telahpun menjatuhkan ekonomi di Negara pengeluar kurma terbesar dunia ini. Hal inilah yang menyebabkan kepada kejatuhan ekonomi Negara terbabit & hasilnya mengakibatkan kepada kadar penganguran yang tinggi. Menurut laporan daripada Al Jazeera, kadarpengangguran yang berlaku di Tunisia ini melebihi 30 peratus. Dengan kuasa membeli yang berkurangan, ditekan lagi dengan harga barangan yang melonjak naik mengakibatkan kekecewaan rakyat. Kekecewaan inilah mencetuskan semangat ingin berubah oleh golongan penunjuk perasaan.
Laporan daripada wikileaks juga ada melaporkan bahawa keluargaBen Ali pernah menerbangkanYogurt dari St Tropez menggunakan pesawat peribadi beliau kerana ingin meraikan sebuah parti. Isterinya, Leila Ben Ali sering ke luar Negara terutamanya Dubai untuk membeli belah & dicop sebagai Imelda Ali di negara Arab oleh rakyat Tunisia. Pembaziran yang dilakukan oleh keluarga Ben Ali ini membuatkan rakyat jijik dengan apa yang dilakukan oleh keluarga Ben Ali. Tidak hairanlah kalau ada yang menyatakan revolusi Jasmine/Melati ini sebagai revolusi wikileaks atau media sosial.

Presiden Zine El Abidine Ben Ali pada mulanya melarikan diri ke Perancis untuk bersama dengan anaknya yang kini menetap di hotel mewah di Disneyland tetapi kapal terbang yang membawa Presiden Ben Ali itu tidak dibenarkan mendarat di Perancis oleh Presiden Sarkozy. Kesannya, Presiden Ben Ali ke Jeddah, Arab Saudi. Kerana kerajaan Arab Saudi memberikan suaka politik kepada Presiden Ben Ali.

Sejarah terkadangnya bermula daripada perkara yang remeh-temeh. Penulis yakin bahawa Mohamed Bouazizi tidak pernah merancang revolusi bagi menjatuhkan presidennya sendiri. Dia mungkin mengiginkan kehidupan yang lebih baik untuk dirinya & keluarga. Namun, apa yang beliau lakukan telahpun mengubah wajah orang disekelilingnya, corak pemerintahan negaranya & sekali gus melakar sejarah dalam peristiwa revolusi dunia. Perbuatan yang kecil telahpun mengakibatkan impak yang besar. Mohamed Bouazizi bermula sebagai Mahasiswa menganggur & menjual sayur bagi menyara hidupnya akhirnya dapat menumbangkan pemerintahan yang kejam & zalim.mujahidahwana

From the left, Ennahda's number 2 Hamadi Jebali, head of the Tunisian Islamist movement Rachid Ghannouchi, Manoubia Bouazizi and daughter Laila, mother and sister of Mohamed Bouazizi, attend Tunisia's newly elected assembly during its inaugural meeting Tuesday, Nov.22, 2011 in Tunis. A moderate Islamist party, Ennahda (Renaissance), won the most seats in the Constituent Assembly, and it has announced a coalition with a liberal and left-of-center party to make up the interim government. Mohamed. Bouazizi a 26-year-old set himself alight on Dec. 17, 2010 after a police officer confiscated the fruit and vegetables he sold to support his family. He later died. Bouazizi's desperate gesture touched a nerve and sparked mass protests that spread through Tunisia, toppling the country's autocratic leader.

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Responses

  1. Sekiranya Adam Adli dipecat dari UPSI ertinya satu pembunauhan kerekter terhadap beliau. Adam akan menjadi manusia yang berkelana mencari arah tujuan, lalu tidakkah kita melihat Adam menerima nasib seperti Mohamed Bouazizi.

    Sekiranya ini berlaku. Apakah mahasiswa seluruh negara yang telah dibonsaikan idealisma dan mindabijaksana oleh AUKU akan menjadi kuda kayu yang ditunggang dan disepak terajang tanpa mampu berbuat apa2. Mahasiswa melayu produk dari universiti2 Malaysia dah lama ketinggalan dari mahasiswa negara2 Maju, lebih dhaif dari mahasiswa dari dunia ke3.


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